Hiring an environmental remediation company for communities in central New England is a necessity for many commercial and industrial construction projects.
What does an environmental remediation company do? It safely removes pollutants and other contaminants from the soil, ground and surface water, and sediments found in construction sites and other landscape environments.
An environmental remediation company provides a range of services, including:
- Impoundment and/or containment earthworks construction
- Contaminated groundwater treatment
- Contaminated soil treatment or excavation
- Stream or river restoration
- Wetlands creation, restoration, and construction
Environmental remediation is necessary to protect both human and environmental health. Some environmental remediation companies today might even focus on historic contamination in an ever-growing field with many new emerging technologies, including nanotechnologies, being developed to clean up old and abandoned sites where toxic waste was often buried or dumped.
Let’s take a closer look at the kind of work an environmental remediation company might do by looking at the four basic types of environmental remediation:
Surface water remediation involves the containment and removal of pollutants and toxins from bodies of water such as reservoirs, lakes, ponds, and streams. Surface water remediation matters because humans are more likely to come in contact with surface water than they are with groundwater and open bodies of water are often the end points for a variety of pollutants. In years past when environmental laws were more lax, businesses often used rivers and streams as natural sewers for their manufacturing and production byproducts, which could be toxic for living things. Today, pollutants such as motor oil, fuel, and other automotive fluids can end up in bodies of water as a result of roadway run-off, vehicular accidents, and deliberate dumping.
Groundwater remediation is the process of treating polluted water below the surface. Water collects and travels underground and some of it can become contaminated when it comes into contact with improperly disposed of residential, commercial, and industrial waste, such as runoff from farms and mechanical facilities, leaking landfills, and industrial spills. Some pollutants can be removed directly, while others can be converted into harmless products.
Underground water contamination is important because water naturally harbors certain types of diseases such as E. coli, among others. Additionally, water flows and an underground aquifer can be a highway for pollutants. Something nasty could be deposited on your land or in your water system, leading to serious and sometimes long-term problems.
Soil remediation is the process of removing contaminants from soil. Hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and creosote all can present problems for property owners. There are a few different methods of fixing soil. It can be done using natural means, such as utilizing certain types of bacteria to consume or neutralize the toxin. Additionally, thermal soil remediation, air-sparging (the injection of pressurized air into contaminated ground water causing hydrocarbons to change state from dissolved to vapor state), and encapsulation may be effective. The most immediate type of remediation is removal of the contaminated soil and replacement with clean fill.
Soil contamination has serious, long-term, and damaging effects on ecosystems and property. Many animals absorb soil contamination in one form or another and this, in turn, can cause more problems. Humans may become permanently sick due to soil contamination consumed in food products and through simple physical contact.
Sediment remediation is a mix of water and soil remediation. When you mix soil and water contamination new dynamics are created and new problems may arise. The EPA defines contaminated sediment as soil, sand, organic matter, or other materials that accumulate at the bottom of a water body containing high levels of toxic materials. Sediment remediation matters because contaminated sediment affects both the water and the soil, creating a particularly toxic sub-environment.
If you need help with environmental remediation for your next construction or renovation project or to address an existing condition, contact the environmental remediation company – Patriots Environmental Corp.